Schistosomiasis is one of the most devastating diseases affecting in particular Sub-Saharan Africa. It belongs to the group of the so called Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD), which globally affect more than 1 billion people. The adjective “neglected” means that a disease has been eradicated in most of the developed countries, but it is still widespread in the poorer ones. Schistosomiasis is a waterbased disease because the complex life cycle of its causative parasite involves contact with water where the intermediate hosts (snails of genus Biomphalaria or Bulinus) live.